Sunday, 21 July 2013

Native Americans in USA - American Indian Wars

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Wars

Till 1918.

American Indian Wars is the name used in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between American settlers or the federal government and the native peoples of North America . The wars resulted from the arrival of European colonists who continuously sought to expand their territory, pushing the indigenous populations westwards. The wars were spurred by ideologies such as Manifest Destiny, which held that the United States was destined to expand from coast to coast on the American continent, and which resulted in the policy of Indian removal, by which indigenous peoples were removed from the areas where Europeans were settling, either forcefully or by means of voluntary exchange of territory through treaties.

The Native Americans suffered high fatalities from the contact with infectious Eurasian diseases. Epidemics after European contact caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations.

In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the government to relocate Native Americans from their homelands within established states to lands west of the Mississippi River, accommodating European-American expansion.

Ideology of manifest destiny:
In the United States in the 19th century, Manifest destiny was the widely held belief that American settlers were destined to expand across the continent. The belief has been described as follows: 3 basic themes
1. The special virtues of the American people and their institutions;
2. America's mission to redeem and remake the world in the image of America;
3. A divine destiny under God's direction to accomplish this wonderful task.

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